All species have a scientific name which we barely use and most of the times we ignore. Do you know with is the scientific name for the dog?
Canis Lupus Familiaris
This is how the biologists refer to the domestic dog. Scientific names allow us to use a single term anywhere in the world, in any language. These names are usually in Latin or Latinized and refer to the species, genus, and family. In this case, the scientific name for the dog is Canis Lupus Familiaris.
What Is the Origin of the Scientific Name for the Dog?
Dogs belong to the Canidae family. Within the Canidae family, we find those belonging to the Canis genus, like the gray wolf, whose scientific name is Canis Lupus. The dogs, as a descendant of the wolf, belongs to the same family. This is why the scientific name for the dog is Canis Lupus Familiaris.
This name refers to any dog, regardless of his or her breed.
Why the Scientific Name for the Dog is Similar to that of the Wolf?
The more than 800 breeds of dogs we know today, despite their differences, are descended from the gray wolf. Anthropological studies prove that dogs were domesticated more than nine thousand years ago (at least!).
If we compare the dogs with their ancestor, the gray wolf, dogs have a smaller skull and brain. Dentition is also reduced, as well as their calorie intake. All this was caused by domestication because they no longer had a need to hunt.
As a subspecies of the gray wolf, Canis Lupus, the scientific name for the dog is Canis Lupus Familiaris.
Scientific Classification of the Dog
Taxonomy is the branch of science concerned with classification. In biology, classifies the species. The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature classifies and regulates the names given to animals. Do you know which is the taxonomy of the domestic dog?
- Kindom Animalis (animals)
- Phylum Chordata
- Subphylum Vertebrata
- Class Mammalia (mammals)
- Subclass Theria (the embryo develops in the mother's womb)
- Infraclass Eutheria
- Order Carnivora
- Suborder Caniformia
- Family Canidae
- Genus Canis
- Species Canis Lupus
- Subspecies Canis Lupus Familiaris
Did you know already the scientific name for the dog?