Small dogs for adoption: breeds, origin, and advantages

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Are you looking for small dogs that don't grow or bark? When choosing a dog there is a fundamental characteristic that we should not overlook: the size. It is important to take into account, also, the space that we have at home, because it is not the same to live in a country house than it is to live in a small apartment in the city.

Next, we will delve into the advantages and disadvantages of having a small dog and know some of the smaller breeds.

Origin of small dogs

Small domestic dogs have their origin in the Middle East, about 12,000 years ago. According to various studies, this type of animal comes from the domestication of the gray wolf and was initially used to hunt rodents and other types of animals such as rabbits; because of their size, they were excellent to conduct this type of activity.

A very curious fact is that animals that have domestic habits tend to decrease the size of their body, although for now, the reason is unknown. However, what do we mean by "a small dog"? In terms of size, the limits are very relative; however, to understand each other, we will consider as "a small dog" those that do not exceed 10 kg.

Here we present some points to keep in mind about the best and the worst of choosing a small dog as a pet.

Advantages of having a small dog

What is the perfect size? Naturally, this is not just a matter of personal taste, but there are many factors that we should take into account when making a decision according to our needs and those of our furry friend. There are a few reasons to have a small dog:

  • Reduced space: As expected, a small dog needs less space, so if you live in a not too large habitation, a small or medium-sized dog can be a good option. This does not mean, however, that small dogs cannot adapt to a spacious country house, any dog would appreciate that ;)

As a recommendation, if you do not want your house to be a mess, you should give a good education to your dog and leave the rules clear from the beginning. Teach him to do his needs outside the house or in a corner prepared for such activity.

  • Longer life expectancy: Small dogs usually live longer than large dogs. The longest can reach 20 years, although the average is around 15. However, there are always exceptions, as in the case of Bluey, the oldest dog in the world who died at the age of 29; a record.

  • Easy to transport: If your thing is to travel, a small dog will always be much more comfortable to transport than a large one, especially if you go by public transport or plane. There are many useful accessories to travel with our dogs, from belts or harnesses to the well-known carrier.

  • Less food, shampoo, etc.: They need less food than a larger dog, which is a long-term saving. The same goes for shampoo and other grooming products. Remember also that if you are one of those who bathe the dog at home you will not have space problems when putting him in the bathtub.

Details to keep in mind

They are more fragile: Imagine the difference between stepping, unintentionally, on a paw of a German shepherd and that of a chihuahua.

Not recommended as watchdogs: If you are looking for a watchdog keep in mind that a large dog protects the home better than a small one.

Specific care: Most small breeds require certain care that we need to know. In general, we must remain alert to extreme temperatures, since it affects small dogs more than large ones. The same applies to the nails and teeth: it is necessary to cut their nails more often, since, if they live on a floor, they have less opportunity to wear them out naturally; You should also know that they are prone to gum problems and bad breath if they do not maintain good oral hygiene.

Some of the smallest dog breeds in the world

It is important to know the characteristics that define each animal and the needs they require, since each dog is a world. There are many breeds of small dogs; we have tried to collect some of the most common.


The Pekinese is a calm and intelligent dog. He loves pampering and is affectionate, especially with children. He has the soul of a guardian although he is not usually considered an excessively barking dog.

Bear in mind that: his hair is delicate and requires a lot of care.

Maltese Bichon

The Maltese is an excellent companion dog and very intelligent. He is active and playful, and usually has a higher than average life expectancy.

Bear in mind that: he has a mania for licking. This can color his hair reddish due to the oxidation produced by saliva.


The Chihuahua is astute and observant. He can be very affectionate and he loves the pampering, but beware, he can become a bit capricious if we consent to all his desires. He is very sociable, especially with those of the same race.

Bear in mind that: he has more sensitivity to cold. You should also control his diet, as they tend to be overweight.


The Pomeranian is a very cheerful and daring dog. In the presence of strangers, he is usually distant, nevertheless, with his owner he no longer bears this protective character. He is affectionate, but he likes to have some independence.

Bear in mind that: you should educate him well since he is a puppy to prevent him from dominating you. It is also important to avoid him to acquire the habit of barking excessively.

Miniature Pinscher

The Pinscher is energetic and curious by nature. In addition to that, he is very obedient so he learns quickly any kind of behavior. He is not very sociable and especially the children do not get him too excited.

Bear in mind that: some of them can bite a lot.

Do not forget that the breed of the dog is the least important factor. The adoption is always a good option to give these wonderful animals a second chance.

Remember that, before choosing your dog, you have to take into account several details, among them the size they have. Analyze their needs and think if you have space at home, if you have time to take care of him, etc.

As you can see, small dogs have many points in favor to be the best friends, such as a longer life expectancy, so you can enjoy his company for a long time. After analyzing some of the best-known breeds, which small dog do you want to stay with?