What causes crystals in dog urine? Your dog can expel what appear to be small crystals of various shapes when urinating. You will know it through urinalysis. In many cases, these accumulations of compounds are concentrated because of the age or race of your dog, are not always a symptom of stones or kidney stones and are usually eliminated with a change in his diet.
In this article we will tell you how to act in case of finding crystals in your dog's urine, why not pay attention to the diets that you find on the internet where you are supposed to give them when the crystals appear, why go to the vet, and how to get ahead of their appearance.
What causes crystals in urine?
Each dog is different, because of his breed, morphology or physiognomy. This does not only refer to his shape, but also to his internal organs and how they transform what he eats until it turns into urine or feces.
Sometimes, your friend is not able to completely filter the cysteine, urates, oxalates, phosphates, uroliths, silicates or the calcium carbonate that his body receives. These substances form stones with each other, with crystal forms; when trying to expel them, they materialize in the form of crystals.
That is to say, among the most common causes for which your dog has them, it is because of what they eat and what they drink. If his diet is adequate and he drinks enough water so that his urine has a good volume, it is most likely that the crystals have appeared in his pee due to genetic causes. In both cases we recommend you to consult our veterinarians online.
Treatment of urine crystals in dogs
If you do a quick search on the internet, you will find many forums where you are recommended to feed your dog with certain foods to combat these crystals, but you should not do it without first talking to your veterinarian. The reason is that the correct treatment depends on the analysis of these crystals, you have to change his diet, yes, but this will not be the same if those crystals are formations of oxalates, uroliths, silicates or others.
Your veterinarian will analyze them under a microscope, determining what they are and preparing for you a perfect diet to fight them. He will also examine the PH of his urine. If these crystals appear in an excessively basic environment, acids will have to be returned, and vice versa, which can be done with the correct foods.
Calcium oxalate crystals in dog urine
In addition to modifying what he eats, the crystals in your dog's urine can be eliminated with something as simple as making him drink more. We have found cases of PetLovers that, because of work, leave their doggies alone for a long time at home; they run out of water and, because they have nothing to drink, their urine does not acquire the necessary volume to filter these crystals.
Therefore, your first reaction to the appearance of tiny crystals in his pee has to be to give him more water. This does not mean you have to force him to drink, but it does mean that you should get used to having his bowl always full of water. If despite this the crystals continue to increase in size, consult your veterinarian, who will recommend the best diet for him.
In addition, in some specific cases, a simple surgical intervention may be necessary. With the help of a specialist, you can rule out colic. If the crystals increase in size or if they appear with the presence of blood, then things get complicated.
Food and diet to eliminate crystals in your dog's urine
Take this as a few simple tips. Depending on the types of crystals that your dog presents when he pees, the amount of protein he eats will be reduced and you will be recommended to give him diuretic and vitamin C foods. Sometimes, you will also have to lower his magnesium intake. So if you usually give him nuts to eat, stop it right now (due to the large amount it contains).
In addition to these foods, your veterinarian will tell you to change the feeding he eats for moist recipes, precisely because they digest better, dissolve earlier, contain more liquids, and are easier to turn into urine.
To prevent the presence of crystals in his pee, it is enough for your dog to always have access to water, to take care of his diet, and to examine his urine from time to time. If you notice that he suddenly urinates more than the account in short periods and with little amount, if you see that he expresses discomfort when urinating or that it hurts, make a query to our online veterinarians.