She is scratching her massively inflamed body throught out the day. She has heavy fleas infestation and has significantly lost lots of weight. Her ears are itchy as well with a foul smelling discharge.
Dermatological problems can have many causes. Therefore, it is essential to perform a comprehensive diagnostic protocol, starting with simple and low-cost diagnostic tests that will allow to rule out the most common causes. Later on, it may be necessary to resort to more complex and specific tests to rule out allergies, autoimmune diseases, hormonal pathologies, etc. The protocol should generally include:
- External deworming: to rule out ectoparasites such as fleas, lice, etc.
- Trichogram: consists of taking samples of some hairs around the lesions to observe them under a microscope.
- Skin scraping in the area of injury: it allows to discard bacterial infections and some parasitosis.
- “Woods lamp”: it allows to discard fungal problems, since fungal infections can cause hair loss, which are usually presented as rounded and scattered bald areas.
- Blood tests: is used for problems such as scabies and to assess the general condition of the animal if there would exist systemic diseases.
- Allergy tests: to rule out allergic reactions to pollen and other common allergens.
- Elimination diet: food allergies are very common and generate hair loss. It is based on applying a hypoallergenic diet for a few weeks to see if it is connected with the symptoms or not. It can be done while doing other tests to rule out all other possible causes.
- Specific tests against other causes. This should be assessed by your veterinarian after ruling out the causes mentioned above.
On the other hand, treatment with corticosteroids to reduce itching or baths with shampoos + antibiotics may be necessary to eliminate skin infections. But for those treatments you should visit your vet in order to find a cause and afterwards follow vet instructions for possible specific treatments.
All the best for you and Jessy.
Note: This is an automatic answer provided by artificial intelligence previously reviewed by our veterinarians. In case of urgency, we recommend you to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.