10 most common dog diseases, medical conditions and treatments

Nuestro equipo está formado por veterinarios, etólogos, y expertos en contenido sobre salud animal.

If you are thinking about adopting a puppy, it is important for you to be informed about the most frequent dog diseases that your puppy could contract. Only then can you prevent them! For this, we have prepared a list of the most common dog diseases.

10. Kennel cough in puppies - treatment and prevention

This disease appears in the form of epidemics in entire neighborhoods, causing pharyngitis and coughing in dogs as if it were a cold. It is quite contagious, but fortunately, in puppies who are well taken care of, is not very serious and can be prevented with a vaccination. In dogs who stay in collective areas like kennels, it can be more serious.

9. Heartworm or dirofilaria - symptoms in dogs

Heartworm is a parasite transmitted through a mosquito bite that can travel through the blood and lungs and become lodged in your dog's heart. It is not present in all of the US, but you must find out if your dog is at risk or not before traveling. It can be prevented with pills and pipettes.

8. Mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis - symptoms, treatment and prevention

Transmitted by mosquitoes much like heartworm and other diseases, Leishmania is more common in some areas of the US and the world than in others, but, unfortunately with global warming, it is becoming increasingly widespread. Very different symptoms may arise with it, and it is very serious, so we must fight against the mosquito that transmits it and avoid contagion. Ask your veterinarian for recommendations on how to protect your dog against leishmaniasis.

7. Parvovirus - symptoms and treatment

Parvovirus is a very serious disease in puppies, to which the Pinscher, the Rottweiler, and the Doberman are especially susceptible. It is very important to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible after adopting a puppy to monitor if it is necessary to deworm and vaccinate him, and keep our puppies isolated until they have had all their vaccines.

This disease has no cure, that is why it is so important to prevent it. Some puppies survive, but thanks to being admitted at the veterinarian hospital for a long time, and after very expensive treatments.

6. Distemper in dogs - signs and causes

This disease is also more serious in puppies and has no specific treatment, but can also be prevented with a vaccination. There are more and more cases because of animal trafficking, since unfortunately, these animals are not vaccinated properly. To prevent it, adequate vaccination protocol is necessary. The symptoms can be respiratory, digestive, or neurological in the most severe of cases.

5. Canine osteoarthritis - management and treatment

This problem is an inflammation and degeneration of the joints that can be secondary to many other problems. The most frequent are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and obesity.

It occurs mainly in older animals, since it is progressive and worsens with age and is more frequent and more serious in large or giant animals. The best way to prevent it is with a good, balanced diet and a lot of exercise to prevent obesity.

It is fortunate that Labradors and Golden Retrievers (two of the breeds that most commonly suffer from this problem) like to swim as much as they do, as this is a perfect form of exercise for their muscles that doesn't put any pressure on their joints.

4. Urinary tract infection in dogs and incontinence

Urinary problems are very varied. The most common is cystitis, more common in older animals. Sometimes, there are also urinary problems associated with prostate problems, which can be prevented with castration.

3. Digestive dog problems - Symptoms and remedies

It is a somewhat general classification, but vomiting and diarrhea are one of the most frequent causes of a visit to the veterinarian. The problem is that they can be caused by such different things, that it is important to run tests in order to treat it. Treatment for one cause can be dangerous if the vomiting is due to another.

If your pet has been vomiting abundantly, frequently, or for more than 24 hours, you should go to the veterinarian as soon as possible. If our dog is puppy, you should go immediately, because puppies are very sensitive to these problems.

2. Skin problems

Surely, dermatology is the most required specialty, but it is also very complicated to practice, since there exist a relatively small number of problems and injuries with thousands of causes. Any general problem can exhibit symptoms on the skin. Allergies are the most common cause of skin problems, increasingly frequent due to various causes such as breed selection, contamination, etc.

My DOG´s EAR SMELLS like cheese and he keeps scratching it, why?

If your dog scratches the ear a lot, shakes his/her head and cries, you have to do something. In this video, we tell you the main reasons why he/she scratches the ears, rubs them against everything and shows he/she is in pain, with moans and growls every now and then.

1. Otitis in dogs or ear infection

Like skin problems, ear infections can also be due to allergies, but are especially due to bad hygiene. If your dog scratches his ear a lot and the ear has a bad odor or discharge, it is important for you to go to the vet. Remember not to wet the inside of your dog's ear when you give him a bath, and to always dry your pet's ears carefully with a gauze or a towel.