If you are thinking about adopting a cat, or you just did it, you should be informed about the most common cat diseases so you can be prepared and prevent them.
1. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)
Urinary diseases are common in cats. Some might become serious health issues, especially if there are obstructions caused by stones or crystals. It is very painful, and a total obstruction might kill your cat in 72h.
Some symptoms that your cat is sick are: blood in urine, pain when he tries to pee, beeing unable to pee, he doesn't drink nor eat... He might also present some behavioural changes.
It might be caused by different factors such as bad food, alergies or infections. If your cat is vomiting, has diarrhea or blood in the stool, you should go to the vet as soon as possible.
3. Kidney Failure
It is mot common in older cats. It can be caused by many things, among others: a bad diet. If your cat is ageing, your vet will probably recomend you to run some tests in their annual check ups.
If your cat has kidney failure, he will drink and pee more than usual.
Changes in diet, toxic food, allergies, bacteria or parasites can cause diarrhea. Also vomiting or lack of apetite.
If your cat has diarrhea, it is recommended to go to the vet to know the cause.
5. Allergic Dermatitis
Your cat might be allergic to some food, dust, fleas... If your cat is itchy, looses hair or has some crusts on the skin, take him to the clinic. It's the only way to know what is causing the allergic reaction and what changes you need to do.
It is a disease that affects mostly to old cats and overweight cats. If your cat is peeing and drinking too much and looks tired all the time, you should ask your vet.
These symptoms are common with other diseases, so it is very important to know what is causing them.
7. Ear Infection
Some breeds are more likely to have ear infections, just like dogs. However, ear infection can be caused also by fungus, mites, allergies and even bad reactions to drugs.
If your cat has ear discharge, moves his head too much and looks in pain, take him to the vet.