Taxonomy of a domestic dog - Classification from kingdom to species


Apr 5

Posted by Barkibu editors

What is the kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species of a dog? All species have a scientific name that we do not usually use and in many cases, we do not know. Do you know what the scientific name of the dog is?

Canis lupus familiaris

This is how biologists refer to the domestic dog. Scientific names allow the use of a single term throughout the world, in any language. These names are in Latin or are Latinized and refer to the species, genus, and family. In this case, the scientific name of the dog is canis lupus familiaris. How close are dogs to wolves?

Where does the scientific name of the dog come from?

Dogs belong to the family of canids. Within the family of canids are the animals that belong to the canis genus, such as the gray wolf, whose scientific name is canis lupus. The dog, as a descendant of the wolf, is part of his family. Hence, the scientific name of the dog is canis lupus familiaris.

This name refers to any dog, regardless of their breed.

Why does the dog's scientific name resemble that of the wolf?

The 800 or so dog breeds we know today, despite their differences in size, physiognomy, and character, are descended from the gray wolf. Anthropological studies show that dogs were domesticated at least nine thousand years ago, although it could be more.

If we compare them with their ancestor, the gray wolf -which is currently endangered by the threat of man- dogs have a smaller skull and brain. The dentition is also reduced, as well as his needs for caloric intake. All this was caused by domestication, since the dogs did not need to go hunting.

As a subspecies of the gray wolf, canis lupus, the scientific name of the domestic dog is canis lupus familiaris.

Classification of dog from kingdom to species

The taxonomy is "the science that classifies". In the field of biology, it scientifically classifies the species. The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature classifies and regulates the names given to animals. Do you know what the taxonomy of the domestic dog is?

Kingdom Animalia (animals) Philo Chordata (chordate animals) Subphylum Vertebrata (vertebrate cordate animals) Mammalia class (mammals) Theria subclass (the embryo develops in the mother's womb) Eutheria infraclass (also called animals with a placenta, as opposed to marsupials) Carnivora Order Suborder Caniformia (snout and non-retractable nails) Canidae Family Genus Canis Species Canis lupus Subspecies Canis lupus familiaris

Did you already know what the scientific name of the dog was? If you want to know more, consult a veterinarian in Barkibu.